Site muito interessante, em língua inglesa: Homeless.org
According to a U.S. Conference of Mayors the homeless population is diverse:
· 20% work.
· 22% are mentally disabled.
· 11% are veterans.
· 34% are drug or alcohol dependent.
Most people become homeless specifically because they are having a housing crisis, eventhough they may have other needs for services and increased incomes. Its important to realize that their needs are best met once the family is in permanent housing – not while they are in transitional housing or shelters. Housing must be first if they are expected to develop a sustainable, healthy lifestyle.
Homelessness can often cause or be caused by serious health problems. Illnesses that are closely associated with homelessness and poverty include tuberculosis, AIDS, malnutrition, and severe dental problems. Other health problems in society such alcoholism, mental illnesses, and physical disabilities are even more debilitating for the homeless, since they may have no shelter or money to manage the problem. People without shelter could easily get frostbite, get infections, or be victims of violence, even in public shelters. They are also more likely to cohabitate with drug addicts, alcoholics, and/or others with disease.
Each year millions of homeless people in the United States need important health care services but most do not have health insurance or cash to pay for medical care. Finding health care is an enormous challenge for the homeless.